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TU Berlin

Inhalt des Dokuments

Cristina Fróes de Borja Reis


"My research aims to understand the productive value chain of machines and equipment nowadays in Germany and BRIICS (Brazil, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa). This industry is very important to the dynamics of investment of an economy because it generates innovation and technological progress, especially in the age of industry 4.0. The intention is to find productive upgrading opportunities for Germany and BRIICS, enhancing technical change and economic development."



Director of the Development, Democracy and Sustainability Strategical Studies Association (NEEDDS), UFABC, 2016/2017, Brazil.

Coordinator of the Global Value Chains Research Group, UFABC, since 2014.

Professor of Economics and International Relations at the Federal University of ABC (UFABC), Brazil, since 2013.

PhD in Economics at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil, 2013.

Visiting scholar at the Development Studies Institute, University of Cambridge, UK, 2010/2011.



Global value chains



International Political Economy





Phone: +49 (0)30 314 76665



IPODI Research Project

Germany and BRIICS in the value chain of machines and equipment

Duration: 11 September 2017 - 10 July 2020

Mentor: Prof. Dr. Kunt Blind, Faculty VII, Institute of Technology and Management

Abstract: The aim of this project is to understand machines and equipment’s value chain of Germany and BRIICS in the 2010’s in order to find opportunities for upgrading. Considering this aim, specific objectives are: 1) Mapping the global value chain of machines and equipment: key players in terms of countries and firms, trade complexity, investment and knowledge flows, innovation generation; 2) Analyses of German and BRIICS’ productive and trade structures of machines and equipment: key players and partners, investment and knowledge flows, innovation generation; contribution to GDP/ employment/ technological development; 3) Identifying upgrading opportunities in German and BRIICS’ machines and equipment sector. The theoretical methodology is structuralist, in which structural change plays a central role in the economic development literature. The empirical methodology to map machines and equipment value chains lay hand on traditional data and on value added data of trade and productive structures. The fundamental method to evaluate trade and production in terms of added value is the cross-analysis of input-output matrices, which allows the understanding of productive complementarities and the insertion of countries in value chains. The second empirical approach is the economic complexity index from MIT and HARVARD big data platforms. Third empirical approach is about investment and knowledge flows of BRIICS and Germany, available in the balance of payments. The contribution of machines and equipment’s sector to GDP and employment will be analyzed from national accounts, too. Fourth approach is for assessing innovation generations: quantitative and qualitative data collection. Combined analyses of these empirical approaches are expected to allow the identification of opportunities for upgrading in German and BRIICS’ machines and equipment sector.



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